Surujin or Suruchin


Surujin or Suruchin: Okinawan Chain Or Rope Weapon

In this article, we are here to talk about Surujin which is also known as the or Suruchin – an Okinawan weighted chain or rope weapon that has been gaining popularity in recent years. We will provide you with detailed information about Surujin, its history, usage, benefits, and more. We will also offer tips and tricks on how to master the art of Surujin, so you can impress your friends with your skills.

What is Surujin?

Surujin is a traditional Okinawan weapon that consists of a chain or rope with a weight on each end. The weight can be made from various materials, such as metal, wood, or stone. The length of the chain or rope can vary, but typically ranges from 1.5 to 2 metres.

The Surujin was originally used by Okinawan farmers as a tool to harvest sugar cane. However, it eventually became a popular weapon among the Okinawan martial arts community.

Surujin History

The word “Surujin” comes from the Okinawan dialect, where “Suru” means to swing, and “Jin” means chain. It is similar to the “Kusari-Fundo” similar to the Kusarigama in Japan, where “Kusari” means chain, and “Fundo” means weight.

The Surujin has a rich history in Okinawan martial arts, dating back to the Ryukyu Kingdom era. It was commonly used by Okinawan farmers as a tool to thresh grain, but it was also used as a weapon to defend against attackers.

During the period of the Ryukyu Kingdom, the use of weapons was prohibited by the government, and peasants were not allowed to own or carry weapons. However, they found a way to turn their agricultural tools into weapons, and the Surujin was one of them. Okinawan farmers used the Surujin to protect themselves and their families from bandits and other attackers.

The Surujin was also used by Okinawan martial artists, such as Taira Shinken, who founded the Ryukyu Kobudo Hozon Shinkokai. He was known for his expertise in various traditional Okinawan weapons, including the Surujin.

Today, the Surujin is still used in Okinawan martial arts, such as Kobudo, and is considered a formidable weapon due to its versatility and unpredictability.

Types Of Surujin

Surujin comes in two variations; the Tan Surujin (short) with a length of around 150-152 cm and the Naga Surujin (long) which measures about 230-240cm in length.

Surujin Construction

The Surujin consists of a chain or rope with a weighted end on each side. The chain or rope is usually made of hemp or iron, and the weight can vary in size and shape, depending on the user’s preference. The weight can be a metal ball, a wooden block, or a spiked iron ball.

The length of the Surujin can also vary, depending on the user’s height and preference. It is usually around six feet long, but some users prefer a shorter or longer Surujin.

Surujin Techniques

The Surujin is a versatile weapon that can be used for both long-range and close-range attacks. It can be swung like a flail, thrown like a rope dart, or used for trapping and binding techniques.

One of the most basic techniques of the Surujin is the “sune-uchi,” or leg strike. The user swings the Surujin low and fast towards the opponent’s legs, causing them to trip or fall. The Surujin can also be used for strikes to the head, torso, or limbs, as well as for grappling and choking techniques.

In Kobudo, the Surujin is often used in combination with other weapons, such as the bo staff or sai. The user can switch between weapons seamlessly, creating a fluid and unpredictable fighting style.

The Surujin is a unique and versatile weapon with a rich history in Okinawan martial arts. Its effectiveness and unpredictability make it a formidable weapon in the hands of a skilled practitioner. Whether used for self-defense or in martial arts competitions, the Surujin is a powerful tool that commands respect and admiration.

How to Use Surujin?

Using Surujin requires a great deal of skill and practice. The weapon can be used for both defensive and offensive purposes. It can be used to trap an opponent’s weapon, strike vital points, or entangle and immobilize an opponent.

To use Surujin, the practitioner must first learn the proper grip and stance. They must also learn how to swing the weapon in a circular motion to generate momentum and increase the weight of the chain. The practitioner must also learn how to control the weapon and adjust their movements depending on the situation.

Benefits of Using Surujin

Using Surujin can provide numerous benefits for practitioners. Firstly, it can improve hand-eye coordination, as the practitioner must be able to track the movement of the weapon and adjust their movements accordingly. Secondly, it can improve reflexes and agility, as the practitioner must be able to react quickly to their opponent’s movements. Thirdly, it can increase overall strength and endurance, as the weapon requires a great deal of physical exertion to use effectively.

Tips and Tricks for Mastering Surujin

Surujin techniques encompass strikes executed by swinging the weapon or hurling one of the weighted ends. Techniques also include methods for ensnaring opponents and their weapons, reminiscent of Hojojutsu and certain Kusarigama techniques. The shorter variant of the Surujin employs techniques much akin to those used with the Kusari Fundo or Marikugusai.

If you are interested in mastering the art of Surujin, here are some tips and tricks to get you started:

  • Practice regularly: Like any martial art, mastering Surujin requires a great deal of practice. Set aside time each week to practice your techniques and improve your skills.
  • Focus on proper form: Proper form is essential when using Surujin. Make sure you learn the proper grip, stance, and swing technique before attempting to use the weapon in combat.
  • Start slow: When first learning Surujin, start slow and focus on controlling the weapon. As you become more comfortable, you can gradually increase your speed and power.
  • Experiment with different weights: Different weights can have a significant impact on the effectiveness of Surujin. Experiment with different weights to find the one that works best for you.
  • Train with a partner: Training with a partner can help you improve your technique and develop new strategies for using Surujin in combat. Always train under proper supervision.

Final Thoughts

The Surujin is a fascinating and challenging weapon that has been used by Okinawan farmers and martial artists for centuries. By following the tips and tricks we have provided, you can master the art of Surujin and improve your physical fitness, coordination and strength.

Eager for More Details?

We hope you found this article valuable. If you’re keen to discover more about traditional martial arts weaponry, please feel free to check out the articles indicated below.

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Updated: February 11, 2024 — 2:51 pm